Risk factors and complications of anxiety

Risk factors and complications of anxiety

Common factors that significantly contribute to an anxiety disorder are:

  • Trauma: This can be because of abuse, a first-hand traumatic experience or a witnessed traumatic event. Trauma-related causes may occur at any point in a person’s life, from as early as childhood.
  • Stress related to an illness, build-up to a big event or life situation such as work, ongoing worry (for example with finances) or death in the family.
  • Other mental health disorders
  • Blood relatives with a diagnosed anxiety disorder
  • Substance abuse or withdrawal (drugs and alcohol)

An anxiety disorder can cross boundaries and if not treated effectively, may sometimes result in a worsened condition or lead to other mental and physical problems.

These can include depression, substance abuse, insomnia, digestive or bowel problems, chronic pain, headaches, social isolation, poor quality of life, a total inability to function at school or work, and suicide.

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