Fertility issues

Fertility issues

Fertility issues

Female fertility problems

There are a number of causes behind fertility problems in women and include age-related hormonal changes and a history of STIs. Many women who encounter a speed hump en route to falling pregnant, can eventually conceive with medical intervention. Of the speed humps, age is the biggest issue for many women, particularly those in their mid-thirties and older.

Other causes include:

  • Weight problems (overweight or underweight)
  • Lack of ovulation (anovulation)
  • Abnormal hormone levels
  • PCOS (Polycystic ovary syndrome)
  • POI (Primary ovarian insufficiency – whereby a woman’s ovaries stop working by the age of 40) 
  • Luteal phase defect (insufficient progesterone levels following ovulation)
  • Damaged fallopian tubes
  • Endometriosis (abnormal growth of the lining in the uterus)
  • Fibroids (benign tumours in the uterus)
  • Irregular uterine shape
  • Cervical stenosis (narrowing or blockage of the opening to the uterus)

Male fertility problems

Male fertility can be complex, and as with women, problems can occur due to a number of different health issues and lifestyle habits.

Some of the main issues men face with fertility include:

  • Varicocele (swelling of the veins that assist with draining the testicle)
  • Infections
  • Problems with ejaculation (such as retrograde ejaculation where sperm ejaculates backwards and into the bladder)
  • Anti-sperm antibodies
  • Tumours
  • Undescended testicles
  • Hormonal abnormalities and imbalances
  • Tubule defects (blockages in tubes that carry sperm)
  • Inherited disorders (chromosome defects)
  • Erectile dysfunction and other anatomical abnormalities (hypospadias)
  • Medication interference (testosterone replacement therapy, long-term anabolic steroid use, chemotherapy etc.)
  • Environmental causes (exposure to industrial chemicals, heavy metals, radiation o elevated temperatures which impair sperm production and overheat the testicles)
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