Your chances of developing asthma increase if:
- You have a blood relative with the condition (a parent or sibling)
- You already have an allergy, such as allergic rhinitis (hay fever)
- You are a smoker, vaper or are exposed to second-hand smoke
- You are overweight or obese
- You are frequently exposed to certain chemicals, such as those used in manufacturing, farming and hairdressing salons.
Complications (short-term or long-term) associated with asthma include:
- Frequent emergency room visits or hospitalisations (severe asthma attacks).
- Symptoms that interfere with daily functions such as work, home life, recreational activities and sleeping.
- Taking numerous sick days from work or school due to asthma flare-ups.
- Medication side-effects (especially those related to long-term prednisone use which includes weight gain and fat deposits, mainly around your belly, and may also give the appearance of a 'moon face').