What are the risk factors for hives?

What are the risk factors for hives?

The risk of hives, either acute or chronic, increases due to any of the following:

  • Allergies (whether pre-existing or newly developed)
  • A personal history of hives
  • A family history of hives (especially in the case of hereditary angioedema, although rare)
  • A known disorder that is associated with hives (infections such as urinary tract infection, strep throat, hepatitis, rheumatoid arthritis, or type 1 diabetes)
  • Frequent viral infections
  • Medications (allergic and non-allergic mechanisms, including codeine (10), aspirin, morphine, and NSAIDs)
  • Existing skin sensitivities or dermatitis (inflammation of the skin)
  • Existing sensitivities to disinfectants, dyes, chemicals, or perfume fragrances
  • Emotional triggers (association with stress and anxiety) (11)


10. Medline Plus. 30 July 2018. Codeine: https://medlineplus.gov/druginfo/meds/a682065.html [Accessed 29.08.2018]

11. Pubmed Health. Urticaria (Hives): https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMHT0022705/ [Accessed 29.08.2018]

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