What are the most common complications of PCOS?

What are the most common complications of PCOS?

One of the main factors that can lead to more serious health concerns in those with PCOS is weight. If a woman with PCOS really struggles with her weight, other health concerns can arise, making her a high-risk patient.

Common complications associated with excess weight or obesity include:

  • High blood pressure (hypertension) or pregnancy-induced high blood pressure
  • Diabetes (type 2)
  • Gestational diabetes
  • Elevated triglycerides / low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Infertility
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding
  • Uterine / endometrial cancer
  • Endometrial hyperplasia (if a build-up and clearing off of the uterine lining during a period doesn’t happen each month, a precancer of the uterine lining occurs)
  • Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (severe liver inflammation)
  • Sleep apnoea
  • Anxiety or depression
  • Heart attack (coronary artery disease)
  • Breast cancer

PCOS complication risks in pregnancy

A pregnancy will be considered high-risk in a PCOS sufferer and the woman in question will be referred to a specialist with experience in these cases. The expectant woman will need to be carefully monitored throughout her pregnancy so as to reduce her risk of:

  • Gestational diabetes
  • Miscarriage
  • Premature delivery of the baby
  • Having a larger or smaller than normal baby
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