What are the risk factors associated with Alzheimer’s?

What are the risk factors associated with Alzheimer’s?

What are the risk factors associated with Alzheimer’s?

As discussed, the biggest risk factor for Alzheimer’s is age, those being most at risk are over the age of 65 There are a variety of factors that may increase a person’s risk of developing the disease, these include:

Age

One in six people over the age of 80 years old have dementia, one of the main causes is Alzheimer’s. Above the age of 65 a person’s risk of developing the disease doubles every five years.

Genes

Scientists are investigating the finding that Alzheimer’s is passed down through generations, some families show clear signs of this whilst others do not. In families who have had Alzheimer’s, they tend to show clear signs of dementia well before the age of 65. However, inheriting the disease is not common.

As previously mentioned, Down Syndrome sufferers also have a higher risk of developing the condition. 

Lifestyle and health

There are a variety of medical conditions and lifestyle factors that are known to increase the risk of developing Alzheimer’s. These include:

  • Heart disease
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Poor diet
  • Smoking
  • Obesity

Keeping these under control will help to reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s or dementia, it is also important to get treated as early as possible.

People who follow a healthy lifestyle and diet, exercising regularly and eating a balanced diet tend to help lower the risk of development. Speak to your health care professional about healthy lifestyle changes. 

Gender

Twice as many women over the age of 65 have Alzheimer’s – the reasons are still unclear as to why. It is thought to be because women tend to live longer than men, it may also be that the disease is linked to the decline of the hormone oestrogen, which depletes after menopause.

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