- What are the early signs of dementia?
- What are the follow-on symptoms of dementia?
- What are the types and stages of dementia?
- What causes dementia?
- What are the complications and risk factors of dementia?
- How is dementia diagnosed?
- How is dementia treated?
- Some more questions you may have regarding dementia
Some more questions you may have regarding dementia
Is forgetfulness to be expected with ageing?
Everybody forgets things every now and then, and this is completely normal. If you suffer from occasional memory loss, it is normally nothing to worry about. However, there is a difference between severe forgetfulness that affects your daily functioning and occasional forgetfulness. The following may be a cause for concern:
- Forgetting how to complete daily tasks like finding your home or phoning someone
- Forgetting who a loved one is
- Not being able to retain information that is clear or follow a conversation easily
- Getting lost in familiar places such as the supermarket or driving to the shops
If you or a loved one is experiencing any of the above, then it is best to consult with your doctor.
What is the prognosis and life expectancy for someone with dementia?
The cause of death in patients with dementia is most commonly infections due to the lack of mobility. Bladder infections, pneumonia, bedsores and a number of other infections may lead to infections that are wide-spread and in turn, fatal.
The life expectancy of someone with dementia is different from case to case, it is dependent on the cause of the dementia. The life-expectancy may range from as little as one to two years, or to more than 15 or 20 years. However, the average life-expectancy of someone who is diagnosed with dementia is between four and eight years after diagnosis. It is best to consult with your doctor and see what can be done to prolong this.
How does one cope with being the caretaker of someone with dementia?
A stable network of support is vital for someone who is the primary caregiver to a loved one or patient with dementia. During the early stages of the condition, the caregiver will function as a guide or a helper in assisting with daily tasks such as finding or remembering things. As the condition progresses, the assistance may progress to helping the patient in dressing, bathing and using the toilet. Sometimes, if the caregiver is a loved one and not a trained professional, it may be best to find someone who is trained to deal with dementia to help.
There are also a number of community support groups that the caregiver or caregiver and patient can attend. These groups help members to hear other people’s stories, develop coping techniques and provide other means of mental and emotional support.
Can children have dementia?
Many people do not know this, but dementia can also occur in children. There are some rare conditions that can cause the symptoms of dementia in paediatric cases. These include:
- Lafora body disease -This disease causes seizures, movement issues and rapidly progressive dementia.
- Niemann-Pick disease – This disease is inherited and is a result of certain gene mutations. It causes issues with metabolising cholesterol and some other lipids, this leads to a large amount of lipids accumulating in the brain.
- Batten disease – This is a disorder of the central nervous system that is also inherited. It will result in mental impairment, progressive loss of vision, motor skills and seizures.
- Certain kinds of poisonings (including lead poisoning)
- Brain injury
Is dementia hereditary?
Genes do have a role to play in dementia developing. However, the patterns of hereditary factors vary. Alzheimer’s, in some cases, may begin early and occur in some families. This is referred to as early-onset familial Alzheimer’s disease. There has been research done that has found a mutation in the genes on the chromosomes 1, 14 and 21 that may have something to do with the development of dementia.
Should someone with dementia be driving?
It is vital to assess the driving skills of someone with dementia if there is any concern regarding their ability to drive safely. A patient who drives with dementia can pose a risk to both themselves and their passengers, as well as other people on the road. This is due to the patient having slower reactions, getting easily lost or confused.
Can dementia be cured?
The treatment for dementia is dependent on the cause of the condition. In severe and progressive dementias, there are no cures available and treatment cannot slow down or stop the progression. However, there are certain medications and treatment therapies that have been known to improve the symptoms temporarily.