- Thyroid Disorders
- Common types and underlying causes of thyroid disorders
- Signs and symptoms of thyroid dysfunction
- What risk factors are associated with thyroid disorder?
- Diagnosing thyroid disorders
- Treatment for thyroid disorders
- Common complications of thyroid disorders
- Outlook for thyroid disorders
Common complications of thyroid disorders
Lack of or ineffective treatment of thyroid disorders can lead to the following potential complications:
- Hyperthyroidism: Heart problems (atrial fibrillation, rapid heart rate or congestive heart failure), osteoporosis, Grave’s ophthalmopathy (bulging, red and swollen eyes and vision problems), Grave’s dermopathy (red and swollen skin) and thyrotoxic crisis (sudden intensification of symptoms which can be life-threatening).
- Hypothyroidism: Large goitres (thyroid enlargements), increased risk of heart disease, high cholesterol, enlarged heart, heart failure, depression (slowed mental functioning), damage to the peripheral nerves (information carriers between the brain, spinal cord and the remainder of the body), myxedema (a rare, but potentially life-threatening condition), problems with ovulation (leading to fertility issues), and birth defects (intellectual and physical developmental problems).
- Large goitres or thyroid nodules: Breathing and swallowing difficulties, cough, hoarseness, fatigue, weight gain or weight loss, sleeping problems and issues with mood (i.e. irritability), as well as thyroid cancer (malignancy). Risk is increased for the development of an overactive or underactive thyroid as well (if symptoms are not yet present for either).